Vive Bariatrics

Bariatric Surgery Criteria: Determining Eligibility for Weight Loss Surgery

Are you considering bariatric surgery as a solution for your weight loss journey? Bariatric Surgery Criteria can be a life-changing procedure for individuals who have struggled to lose weight through other methods. However, not everyone is a suitable candidate for this type of surgery. There are specific criteria that healthcare professionals evaluate to determine eligibility for bariatric surgery. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key factors that determine if you meet the requirements for this procedure. By understanding the medical and lifestyle criteria, you can make an informed decision about your journey to a healthier life.

Understanding Body Mass Index (BMI)

One of the primary criteria used to evaluate eligibility for bariatric surgery is the body mass index (BMI). BMI is a measure that relates a person’s weight to their height and provides an indication of their overall body fat. Healthcare professionals use BMI as a screening tool to determine if an individual is within a healthy weight range or if they are classified as overweight or obese.

To calculate your BMI, divide your weight in kilograms by the square of your height in meters. A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered normal, while a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is classified as overweight. However, for bariatric surgery eligibility, individuals typically need to have a BMI of 35 or higher.

Obesity-Related Medical Conditions

In addition to BMI, healthcare professionals also consider the presence of obesity-related medical conditions when evaluating candidates for bariatric surgery. These conditions can include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, and joint problems, among others. If you have a BMI of 35 or higher and are experiencing health issues related to obesity, you may be a suitable candidate for bariatric surgery.

It’s important to note that bariatric surgery can greatly improve or even resolve these obesity-related medical conditions. By achieving significant weight loss, patients often experience improvements in their overall health and a reduction in the need for medications to manage these conditions.

Failed Attempts at Weight Loss

Before considering bariatric surgery, individuals are expected to have made significant efforts to lose weight through traditional methods such as diet and exercise. Healthcare professionals want to ensure that patients have exhausted all non-surgical options before resorting to surgery.

If you have diligently followed a weight loss program for at least six months without achieving significant and sustained weight loss, bariatric surgery may be a viable option. This requirement demonstrates your commitment to making lifestyle changes and your need for additional support in your weight loss journey.

Commitment to Lifestyle Changes

Bariatric surgery is not a quick fix for weight loss. It requires a lifelong commitment to making significant lifestyle changes. Candidates for bariatric surgery must be willing to adopt a healthier diet, engage in regular physical activity, and attend follow-up appointments with healthcare professionals.

Your healthcare team will provide guidance on post-surgery dietary restrictions, portion control, and nutritional requirements. It’s crucial to adhere to these guidelines to ensure the success and long-term sustainability of your weight loss efforts. Bariatric surgery is a tool to assist you in achieving your weight loss goals, but it’s up to you to embrace and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Psychological Evaluation and Mental Health

In addition to the physical criteria, candidates for bariatric surgery undergo a comprehensive psychological evaluation. This evaluation helps identify any potential mental health concerns or eating disorders that may impact the success of the surgery and long-term weight management.

It’s essential to have a healthy relationship with food and a commitment to addressing any emotional or psychological factors contributing to weight gain. Bariatric surgery is not a solution for underlying mental health issues but can be a valuable component of a comprehensive treatment plan.

Evaluating the Risks and Benefits

Before undergoing bariatric surgery, it’s crucial to have a thorough understanding of the risks and benefits associated with the procedure. While bariatric surgery can lead to significant weight loss and improvements in overall health, it is a major surgical intervention that carries potential risks and complications.

By discussing the risks and benefits with your healthcare team, you can make an informed decision about whether bariatric surgery is the right choice for you. It’s important to weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks and consider your individual circumstances and goals.


Bariatric surgery can be a life-changing option for individuals struggling with obesity and related health conditions. To determine if you meet the criteria for bariatric surgery, healthcare professionals evaluate factors such as BMI, obesity-related medical conditions, previous weight loss attempts, commitment to lifestyle changes, and psychological well-being.

Remember, bariatric surgery is not a one-size-fits-all solution, and it requires a lifelong commitment to maintaining a healthy lifestyle. By working closely with your healthcare team, you can determine if bariatric surgery is the right choice for you and embark on a transformative journey towards a healthier and happier life.